The original goal for the GEOGLAM Crop Monitor was to provide the Agricultural Market Information System (AMIS) with monthly updates about crop supply in major producer countries, including the G20 countries plus eight other large producers. These updates, which summarize the conditions of four major commodity crops (wheat, soybean, maize, and rice) have been included in the monthly AMIS Market Monitor publication since issue No. 11 published in September 2013.
For the same timeframe, an augmented Crop Monitor for AMIS report has been published by the GEOGLAM Crop Monitor group which contains additional textual information and graphical information in the form of maps and pie charts based on historical production. The Crop Monitor for AMIS report is published on the same day as the AMIS Market Monitor report.
While the AMIS Market Monitor and Crop Monitor for AMIS reports focus strongly on agricultural production and markets in large producer countries, the methods for creating the Crop Monitor for AMIS reports have shown to be transferrable to food security applications. In line with the goals of the GEOGLAM framework, the methods were adapted and applied to countries at risk of food production shortfalls. These countries, which represent nearly the inverse of the large market producers, are monitored and reported on in the Crop Monitor for Early Warning reports. First published in February 2016, the Crop Monitor for Early Warning monitors nearly the inverse of the countries monitored under the Crop Monitor for AMIS report.
The Crop Monitor for AMIS and Early Warning reports are created under a common methodology and share a similar bulletin structure. The methods are described in full in the approach page. Bulletins are issued with support of the respective partners which contribute to them and reflect a consensus of the community of practice with regard to the conditions and drivers in the area of interest.
The bulletins consist of three key components: summary text, maps, and pie charts. Text summaries provide brief overviews of the conditions of the observed crops, stratified by crop (AMIS) or region (Early Warning). Maps provide a spatially explicit indication of crop condition and the drivers of crop conditions, masked by the average planted area of the respective crop. A synthesis map indicates the condition of all crops in one map, which individual crop maps provide the crop condition with respect to individual planting seasons. Finally, pie charts indicate the crop conditions globally with respect to individual crop production per region from both a production and export perspective. For more information, please see the products page.