Food Security & Conflict report

Food Security & Conflict report

Global Conflicts and Impacts on Agricultural Production

War and conflict are among the leading causes of world hunger and can have disastrous impacts on the affected regions’ agricultural production and food security. Common regional impacts of conflict on agricultural production include but are not limited to the following occurrences:

  • Mass displacement and loss of livelihoods
  • Destruction and abandonment of fields
  • Presence of unexploded ordinances on agricultural land
  • Limited access to agricultural inputs (e.g. seed and fertilizer) and migrant labour
  • Depreciation and increased costs of agricultural inputs (e.g. seed and fetilizer) and fuel
  • Destruction of productive assets, irrigation infrastructure, and transportation routes
  • Competition for limited resources
  • Direct restrictions to crop types and field locations
  • Risk-averting behaviours that prevent farmers from fully engaging in agricultural activities
  • Decrease in livestock and pastureland productivity

According to ACLED, as of October 2020, 17 countries are engaged in ongoing conflict classified as significant or major conflicts as defined on the following map:

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CM4EW Conflict Reports

As part of the Crop Monitor for Early Warning (CM4EW) reporting, conflict is a driver of other-than-favourable crop conditions when the armed conflict or civil unrest inhibits field access or interferes with agricultural activities such as planting, working, and harvesting of the fields by farmers. However, the context and extent of conflict are unique to each region and thus each one has distinctive impacts that go beyond what can be demonstrated in the regular monthly CM4EW reports. Therefore, the Crop Monitor Conflict Reports aim to provide further insight into each region’s specific conflict situation by detailing the history of the current conflict, the agricultural baseline (e.g. information regarding productive zones, land use, primary crops, and climatic trends), and specific impacts of conflict on agricultural production and food security. Since conflict can limit field access and ground-based observations, making it difficult to assess real-time impacts of conflict on food production, the Crop Monitor Conflict Reports strive to provide a consensus on the information that is available using a combination of ground reports, data analysis, and information and input from regional partners. As the conflicts and impacts continue to develop, CM4EW will publish updates as needed.

Available Reports


Sample Graphics

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Examples graphics included in CM4EW Conflict Reports. Left: Conflict timeline tracking for South Sudan. Top Centre and Top Right: Satellite imagery of water surface area decline in the Lake Chad Basin from 1973 to 2017. Bottom Centre: Cereal production vs. violent conflict comparison graph for South Sudan. Bottom Right: Concentrations of violent attacks map in the Lake Chad Basin.

Conflict Report Resources

World Food Programme (WFP): Monitoring food security in countries with conflict situations

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Global Information and Early Warning System (FAO GIEWS): Special Reports

Armed Conflict Location & Event Data Project (ACLED)

Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre (iDMC)

Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) Global Platform

Food Security Data in West & Central Africa: Cadre Harmonise (CH) and Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC) data

Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) Data Center