Approach

The Crop Monitor approach brings together international experts from national, regional, and global monitoring systems, space agencies, agriculture organizations and universities, that can share and discuss information from a variety of independent yet complementary sources, enabling them to reach a consensus on global crop conditions. These activities are conducted inline with the GEOGLAM Framework  with the goal of enhancing the availability of food production information within the context of commodities markets and  early warning of production shortfalls.

During the final ten days of each month, a crop condition assessment is completed for both the Crop Monitor for AMIS and Crop Monitor for Early Warning areas of interest. Prior to the assessment period, the Crop Monitor plays a role in EO data coordination by consistently acquiring data sets relevant to agricultural monitoring, processing the data sets to ensure continuity, and providing access to the data for partner organizations via a web based crop assessment interface. In addition to (constantly updated) sources of EO data, two key baseline data sets have been developed under the GEOGLAM Crop Monitor initiative: “best available” crop-specific masks and crop stage calendars, which reflect the average areal (spatial) extent and crop growth stage (temporal), respectively, at sub-national resolution.

Partner organizations contribute expertise and knowledge about current crop conditions from their unique sources as well as EO-based data available from the Crop Monitor, in the form of a set of sub-national crop conditions and drivers for crops which are in season.  Following the assessment period, a conference call is arranged for partners to discuss issues and discrepancies in the collection of all crop condition assessments. The conference call is an important step which necessarily results in a consensual assessment of all crop conditions and drivers. Once a consensus on crop conditions and drivers is achieved, a draft summary report is created and circulated among Crop Monitor partners. Revisions are made as necessary and, once approved, the draft is readied for publication in the AMIS Market Monitor, Crop Monitor for AMIS bulletin, or Crop Monitor for Early Warning bulletin, as appropriate.