GEOGLAM is the Group on Earth Observations Global Agricultural Monitoring Initiative. It was initially launched by the Group of Twenty (G20) Agriculture Ministers in June 2011, in Paris. The G20 Ministerial Declaration states that GEOGLAM “will strengthen global agricultural monitoring by improving the use of remote sensing tools for crop production projections and weather forecasting”. By providing coordinated Earth observations from satellites and integrating them with ground-based and other in-situ measurements, the initiative will contribute to generating reliable, accurate, timely and sustained crop monitoring information and yield forecasts.
The main objective of GEOGLAM is to reinforce the international community’s capacity to produce and disseminate relevant, timely and accurate forecasts of agricultural production at national, regional, and global scales by using Earth Observation data. This is achieved by:
- enhancing national agricultural reporting systems, including through a geo-spatial education curriculum established to enable training of participants worldwide,
- establishing a sustained international network of agricultural monitoring and research organizations and practitioners; and,
- harmonizing the operational global agricultural monitoring systems based on both satellite and in situ observations, including through improved coordination of satellite observations.
The above diagram depicts the overall structure and foci of GEOGLAM, specifically as it relates to monitoring food production from market and early warning perspectives. Input data – data from civil space agencies accompanied by that from the commercial space sector, agrometeorological data and climate services, and in situ or crowd-sourced observations – necessitate the core data coordination activities undertaken through GEOGLAM. These activities include coordinating acquisition, access, and continuity of data. In turn, these activities benefit research and development activities as well as best practices development, facilitating the transition of these research outcomes to operational monitoring contexts which strengthens and empowers monitoring systems to produce science-based information. All of these efforts are undertaken within the context of Food Security, Sustainable Development, and Climate Change.