Following the global food price hikes in 2007/08 and 2010, as part of the Action Plan on Food Price Volatility and Agriculture, the G20 Heads of States endorsed in their 2011 Declaration both Global Agricultural Monitoring (GEOGLAM) and the Agricultural Market Information System (AMIS), declaring:
44. We commit to improve market information and transparency in order to make international markets for agricultural commodities more effective. To that end, we launched:The “Agricultural Market Information System” (AMIS) in Rome on September 15, 2011, to improve information on markets …;The “Global Agricultural Geo-monitoring Initiative” (GEOGLAM) in Geneva on September 22-23, 2011. This initiative will coordinate satellite monitoring observation systems in different regions of the world in order to enhance crop production projections and weather forecasting data.
(Source: G20 Final Declaration – Cannes, November 2011)
Shortly thereafter, the GEOGLAM initiative was developed by The Group on Earth Observations (hosted by the World Meteorological Organization in Geneva, Switzerland), a partnership of governments and international organizations. The role of GEOGLAM is to coordinate satellite monitoring observation systems in different regions of the world in order to enhance crop production projections and weather forecasting data. In the same line, AMIS assesses global food supplies (focusing on wheat, maize, rice and soybeans) and provides a platform to coordinate policy action in times of market uncertainty.
GEOGLAM provides a framework which strengthens the international community’s capacity to produce and disseminate relevant, timely and accurate forecasts of agricultural production at national, regional and global scales through the use of Earth Observations (EO) including satellite and ground-based observations. This initiative is designed to build on existing agricultural monitoring programs and initiatives at national, regional and global levels and to enhance and strengthen them through international networking, operationally focused research, and data/method sharing.
Within this framework, GEOGLAM developed the Crop Monitor reports which provide global crop condition assessments in support of the AMIS market monitoring activities. The first issue of the Crop Monitor appeared in the September 2013 issue of the AMIS Market Monitor. Given the success of the AMIS Crop Monitor, in 2016, GEOGLAM developed the Early Warning Crop Monitor. The Early Warning Crop Monitor brings together international, regional, and national organizations monitoring crop conditions within countries at risk of food insecurity.
4. Taking into consideration the central role of agriculture towards food security and even global stability, and the heavy effects of extreme food price volatility on food security, we commit to continue to tackle the issue of price volatility. In particular, we commit to pursue the implementation of the concrete initiatives of the 2011 G20 Action Plan on Food Price Volatility and Agriculture in dedicated forums: Agricultural Market Information System (AMIS) and the Rapid Response Forum, GEO Global Agricultural Monitoring Initiative (GEOGLAM) for market and production international monitoring, and risk management tools, such as the Platform for Agricultural Risk Management (PARM), and the Wheat Initiative. We acknowledge the contributions of other initiatives including the Global Agriculture and Food Security Programme (GAFSP).
(Source: G20 Agriculture Ministers Communiqué- Xi’an, China June 2016)